We all know the different types of wine available, red wine, white wine, dessert wine, sparkling wine, and fortified wine. But what is table wine? How is it different from regular wine? Table wine is never used in context, No one says, get me a bottle of table wine, or can I have one more glass of table wine, then,
what is this table wine we are discussing?
Is table wine sweet or dry?
Is table wine a brand or is it a wine type or wine style?
Let us know more about this wine in this post and hope it clears all your doubts regarding table wine.
What is table wine?
Table wine is nothing but a simple wine with less alcohol content that can be used to match your everyday meal.
They are less expensive compared to other wines and are easily available.
Some may have the misconception that table wines are cheap and cheap wines don’t taste as good as expensive wines.
But the fact is table wines are tasty. They come without any information about their origin. They may be from the grapes of the same harvest or a blend of two or three grape harvests, that information is not known.
The quality of the wine is assessed by the vineyard, the grapes, and its vintage information, table wine on the other hand is unknown of its quality.
Mostly in many wine classifications,
Table wine is the wine that is of low quality.
In French, the table wine termed as vin de table is the wine classification that does not meet the premium quality requirements.
Why is it called table wine?
It is a simple wine that is easy to drink. Table wine is ordinary, for normal drinking with a regular meal.
Something that you have with your every day meal, if you are not looking for fine meals for special occasions.
It can be red, white or any blend. It is also termed as light wine, light white wine, red table wine and sweet table wine.
What is the difference between table wine and regular wine?
Table wine does not have any information about its origin.
Suppose when you observe the German quality wines, they have the AP number,
AP number is an official number used to identify the quality of a wine,
It has several blocks of numbers identifying the wine.
For example if the wine label has the Ap number as
L – A.P. NR. 33050 031 04
The first number (1-9) relates to the German wine region
where the wine was produced and tested (e.g. 3-Rheingau).
The second 2 or 3 digit number indicates the village of the vineyard (e.g. 30-Rauenthal)).
The next two digits represent the particular wine estate (e.g. 50-Kloster Eberbach).
The following 2 to 3 digit number is the sequential order that the wine was submitted by that producer for testing (e.g. 031 – this was the 31st wine submitted by Kloster Eberbach for testing).
The final two digits is the year of the testing(e.g. 04 – the wine was tested in 2004).
Table wines do not have such a number.
Table wine is just another style of wine in the United States, it is neither sparkling nor fortified.
While in Europe,
Table wine falls under one of the quality wine classifications.
The low quality wine is generally the table wine. The other being the quality wines produced in specific regions.
What is table wine in the United States?
In the United States, table wine is defined by its style. A wine that is neither sparkling nor fortified, with a less alcohol content of 14 percent.
Table wines are not expensive and are easily affordable.
Next time, when you are throwing a party, look for table wines that are easily enjoyable with less alcohol content. No need to look for the perfect matching food, table wines go with every meal and are liked by all.
What is table wine in Europe?
When talking about table wine, the term wine appellation comes into the picture. Wine appellation focuses on the vinification area and the techniques of the production of the wine. Wine appellation is also known as a naming convention.
This clearly shows the region of origin of the wine, it also indicates the grape varieties that were used in the making of the wine.
The term wine in the United States refers to any wine made from any fruit, it is not limited to grapes. Any fermented alcoholic drink with ABV(Alcohol By Volume) between 5 to 24 percent is termed as wine. It may include honey wine, fruit wine, etc.
In Europe wine is made from fermented grape juice only. The quality of the wine is classified into two categories, the table wine, and the QWPSR (the quality wine produced in specified regions)wine.
The QWPSR considers the following factors,
- Vinification methods
- Grape varieties that must be used
- Chaptalization and other sweetness methods
- Alcohol percentage in the finished wine
- Region of production of wine
- Wine characteristics
Failing to meet these restrictions, the wine falls into the table wine category.
There are separate norms for QWPSR in Northern Europe and Southern Europe.
In German wine classification, little importance is given to the periodic location while France, Italy, and Spain have included the periodic location as their important factor in QWPSR.
This QWPSR status may be good knowing, but it does not alter the taste of the wine. Whatever wine you chose to serve, serve with love and enjoy the moments of togetherness and make your time memorable.
What are the classifications of wine quality?
French wine classification
French wine is classified as Vin de Table, Vin de Pays, VDQS, and AOC.
Vin de table– This is the French table wine. There are no restrictions on this table wine, they can be from any region of France. These are very inexpensive and can be bought for 0.80€. These wines are best suited for mid-day meals and they are used effectively in wine-based cocktails.
No restrictions are imposed on the quality of the grapes, Vinification techniques or other styles.
Vin de pays- These are country wines with restrictions on the grape variety, alcohol, acidity, and sulfur levels, and yield.
VDQS-Wine determined to be of superior quality,
Restrictions on the taste and quality of the wine.
The order is first the wine maker must apply for vin de pays later VQDS, then only to AOC.
AOC-High quality wines where the restrictions are strict
- Grape varieties
- Vinification techniques and
- the alcohol level in the finished wine
German wine classification
German wine is classified into four quality categories: Deutscher Wein, Landwein, Qualitätswein (QbA) and Prädikatswein.
Deutscher Wein-This is the table wine that is generally made from slightly under-ripe or normal ripe grapes. The quality of the wine is minimum, and they are consumed in Germany only and are little exported to the US. These wines are not officially tested and they have few restrictions. They do not have the AP number.
Land Wein: This wine has some restrictions like it must not contain more than 19 grams of residual sugar, grapes used must be from the specified 13 wine districts. Deutscher land Wein has 0.5 percent more alcohol.
Qualitätswein (QbA): It is a quality wine. This wine has to obey the laws of the appellation and is tested for quality by the official committee and is subsequently given the AP number to be sold.
Wine is checked for the specific quality features like,
1.The vinery in which the grapes are grown must be from one of the 13 vine-growing regions and it must be shown on the label.
2.The quality of the grapes, approved grape varieties are used in the making of wine or not.
3.The ripeness level,
These wines undergo chaptalization, a process in which sugars are added to the fermented wine to increase the sweetness in the wine.
4.The Alcohol content must be at least 7 percent.
Prädikatswein. These are the top-level quality wines with specific attributes, these are naturally produced wines with no chaptalization. They range from dry to very sweet and often contain a noticeable amount of residual sugar.
The different top quality German wines from the high sweetness level are
1.Kabinett-Made from fully ripened grapes, these wines are light wines, typically semi-sweet with crisp acidity, but can be dry if designated so, the alcohol percentage minimum is 8.8 %.
2.Spätlese –These are made from the ripe grapes of a delayed harvest of 7 days.
The style is dry to a sweet, medium body. The minimum alcohol potential is 10%
3.Auslese: Made from overripe grapes with noble rot, this wine has style dry to sweet, and medium to full body. The minimum alcohol potential is 12%
4.Beerenauslese – Made from noble rot grapes, these are very sweet and the body of the wine is medium. The alcohol percentage is 16.4%.
5.Trockenbeerenauslese – This wine is made from shriveled grapes affected by noble rot. The acidity level of the wine is high and it is medium-bodied with an alcohol percentage of 19 %.
6.Eiswein – This is an iced wine formed by freezing the grapes to form highly concentrated sugars. The acidity level and body of the wine are medium and the alcohol percentage is 16.4%.
What are the types of table wine?
Table wine is a wine term with two different meanings: a style of wine and a quality level within wine classification.
Table wines depending on the restrictions imposed are differentiated as,
1.Plain table wines: As the name indicates, plain table wines are allowed to display only the producer and the designation that indicates the country of origin of the wine. The quality scheme applied to the table wine under this distinction is PDO(Protected designation of Origin).
2.Table wines with Geographical indication: Table wines under this distinction are allowed to indicate the region of origin also. The quality scheme applied to the wine here is the PGI (Protected Geographical Indication).
What is table wine alcohol content?
Table wine has a very low alcohol content, the ABV of table wine never exceeds 14 %.
Table wine is a non sparkling, unfortified normal wine that has the minimum alcohol level.
Table wines are best for serving at parties and large get togethers. They are light and easy going.
As they are inexpensive, they are budget friendly also.
What is there in Table wine’s Label?
Wine labels play an important role of delivering the necessary information to the consumer.It helps the buyer to know the quality of the wine by estimating from the country of origin and its vintage year.
The common information that is found on the label is the name of the country of origin, type of wine, quality of the wine, producer, bottler information. Alcohol content must be included in the label and in Australia and the United States sulfites mentioning is also mandatory.
There are some labelling regulations by wine laws that have some information as must for wine labels.
Such as, the bottling producer name ,it must be included in the label.
Table wines must include the bottler’s name on the label. Alcohol content need not be displayed on the label of the table wine. As the name table wine itself indicates that the alcohol percentage is below 14 percent.
Table wines are allowed to indicate the color and type of flavor in the wine and are not allowed to mention the quality of the wine.
What are the Table wine brands?
What are the best table wines?
When talking about the best wines, the quality of the wine is directly dependent on the grape variety used and the countries which are producing wines are competing with their own grape production.
French wines have set their own benchmark in the wines with the best grape varieties for centuries. France has the best grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Pinot noir. Italy is famous for its Nebbiolo and Sangiovese wines.
The high rated and liked by most of the people around the world are French wines coming from Bordeaux, Burgundy.
Red table wine
Sweet red table wine
Barefoot Sweet red blend is a smooth sweet wine from California with flavors of black cherry and plum. It is paired with spicy dishes.
Try Barefoot Zinfandel also which is sweet with 7-23 grams/L sugar and alcohol ABV 13.5%. It has the aromas of blackberry, blueberry, and vanilla. Pair this with Vietnamese beef and Asian salad.
Read more about the sweet wines and port wines in our post on best wine for beginners.
Dry red table wine
Dry red wines are rich in color and are less in sugar content. They are full of antioxidants and polyphenols and are good for health if consumed in moderate quantity.
The following are some of the options of dry table wines
1.2014 Chateau de Landiras
2.Chateau Faizeau Montagne-St.-Emilion 2016 from Bordeaux, France
3.Antinori Villa Toscana 2014 from Tuscany, Italy
4.Allegrini Palazzo Della Torre
5.Marques de Riscal Reserva from Spain
6.Decoy Cabernet Sauvignon from California
7.2016 Rodney Strong Estate
White table wine
White wines are the best to enjoy your summer afternoons. They are acidic and are good to serve with appetizers. The following are some of the white table wine recommendations,
1.Kim Crawford Sauvignon Blanc 2019 from Marlborough, New Zealand
2.Tiefenbrunner Pinot Grigio 2018 from Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
3.2018 Weingut ‘Brand‘ Riesling Feinherb, Pfalz, Germany
4.Cloudy Bay Chardonnay Marlborough, New Zealand.
Most people drink wine to enjoy wine. Wine, whether it is an aged wine or young wine tastes the best when it is served with love.
All the information in the wine label, appellations may be necessary for those who are wine experts and who love collecting wine. But the more you know about the wine, the more precious it becomes and you may find it difficult to share with everyone.
What we are finally saying is, treasure your fine wines for your special occasions and enjoy the table wines that make your normal occasions special.